Assessing the influential factors of cyber security awareness in Malaysia during the pandemic outbreak: a structural equation modeling

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, all citizens are required to stay at home and most of their times have been used on the internet leading to cyber criminal, especially on older adults. Using the Information Security Awareness Model (ISACM) and the Situation Awareness Cybersecurity Education Model (SAOCE), this study aims to develop a cyber security awareness model that can assist the elderly from attacks in cyber space. The result revealed that organisation factors significantly related to cybersecurity awareness, meanwhile for social and individual factors are found less significant to cybersecurity awareness. With the development of cybersecurity awareness model, we are confident that our model can contribute to the body of knowledge within the cybersecurity context.