Poverty Impedes Cognitive Function

This paper suggests that poverty impedes cognitive functioning, as poverty-related concerns require a lot of mental resources and leave less space for other cognitive tasks. The thesis was indicated through 2 studies. Implications include avoiding cognitively taxing...

Scam Compliance and the Psychology of Persuasion

This paper finds four reliable factors contribute to susceptibility to persuasion: influence of authority, social influence, self-control and the need for consistency. The paper finds all four inform susceptibility to scam compliance.   Read full paper  ...

The evolution and psychology of self-deception

This paper’s authors argue self-deception is an evolved trait with the evolutionary advantage of helping deceive others without severe cognitive strain. They suggest self-decpetion – which should in theory be paradoxical – is actually achieved through...

Switch: How to change things when change is hard

According to this book’s authors, we need only understand how our minds work to unlock shortcuts that can lead to long term behavour change. This book explores how our minds work and some shortcuts tha might be of use when seeking to change human behaviour....

Why Science Tells Us Not to Rely on Eyewitness Accounts

This article reports human memories as reconstructed fragments of information, as opposed to recorded feedback. According to the article false memories are easily recalled, jeopardising eyewitness reports. Eyewitness reports should therefore perhaps be used with...

Mood and audience effects on video lottery terminal gambling

This study looks into how mood and audience influence gambling behaviours. Although mood seems to have no effect on gambling behavior, participants with a negative mood prior to gambling report more positive moods after gambling. Those with positive and neutral moods...

Risk Taking, Antisocial Behavior, and Life Histories

This paper explores the ultimate causes of risk-taking and anti-social behavior. In particular, it explores the notion of such behaviors as evolutionary. It suggests a research program informed by life history analysis may reveal the ultimate causes of risk-taking and...

Human Vulnerabilities in Security Systems

This whitepaper discusses human vulnerabilities in full, including what they are, why they occur, how they can be mitigated, the challenges of mitigation and potential areas for further research.   Read full paper     Authors: Paul Kearney, M.Angela...

Accuracy of Deception Judgments

The authors review literature on deception studies and conclude people can correctly identify a lie (or a truth) 54% of the time. Authors also conclude that people are more accurate in judging audible than visible lies, that people appear deceptive when motivated to...

Culture and nonverbal behaviour

Culture is defined as a product of biological needs and functions, social problems, and contexts. The role of culture in nonverbal communication (such as facial expressions) is considered, with the author concluding culture does indeed play a small role in the...

Managing The Unexpected

What makes some organisations more reliable than others? The authors of Managing the Unexpected believe the answer lies in the differences in behaviours and learning styles of highly reliable organisations and organisations that are relatively unreliable. This book...

The Nature and Replication of Routines

This paper seeks to properly define routines to facilitate further empirical research into how routines are built and how routines can be changed. Broadly, it defines routines as dispositions that trigger patterns of behaviours in a group of individuals, following...

Suicide: A Study in Sociology (Routledge Classics)

Why does suicide happen? What goes wrong? Why is it more common in some places than others? Emile Durkheim seeks out the answers in a classic text, offering an insight into the social frameworks in which we operate.   Read full paper     Authors: Emile...

Personal Fraud: The Victims and the Scams

Rsearchers find that fraud attempts are less likely to succeed if: the offender is a stranger; the initial contact is by telephone or mail; the potential victim has heard of the intended type of fraud beforehand, or; the potential victim attempts to investigate the...